Education for Democracy: Evidence in Latin America (73711)

Session Information: Education, Sustainability & Society
Session Chair: Débora Cristina Fonseca

Thursday, 21 September 2023 15:35
Session: Session 4
Room: Gracia
Presentation Type:Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 2 (Europe/Madrid)

Education is widely recognized as a catalyst for personal development, social progress and economic growth. However, the benefits of education extend far beyond the individual level. Such effects give rise to a series of positive externalities, which spread throughout society. The most significant factors of this effect have played a very important role in making democracy a viable system. This conception, which begins with Tocqueville in 1835, is received in the academic scenario with the work of Lipset (1959), who reports that education is fundamental for sustaining a democratic system. In this sense, the objective of this work is to analyze the causal relationship between education and democracy. Taking advantage of the similarity of the historical-political context referenced by Latin America, we seek to objectively measure whether education improves the recognition of democracy as a social, economic and cultural condition that allows the free and equal exercise of political self-determination. To identify the causal effects of education on political behavior, we must take into account the factors that jointly determine educational choice and political behavior. Therefore, we will employ the instrumental variable (IV) method, where an individual's educational level is instrumentalized by their exposure to compulsory education reform. Thus, the temporal dimension distinguishes the periods before and after the educational reforms. The results found in this work provide convincing evidence for the causal relationship between education and democracy.

Igor Rodrigues, University of Brasilia, Brazil

About the Presenter(s)
Dr. Igor Rodrigues is an administrator at the University of Brasilia, Brazil. His line of research is focused on Educational Economics. Currently is engaged in research on the positive externalities of education in the context of democratic politics.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00