Investigating Remote Teaching Through Cultural-Historical Activity Theory: A Case Study in Lebanon (73560)

Session Information: Higher Education
Session Chair: Joanie Crandall

Saturday, 23 September 2023 09:05
Session: Session 1
Room: Room D (Live Stream)
Presentation Type:Live-Stream Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 2 (Europe/Madrid)

This case study investigates remote teaching in a higher education institution in Lebanon using Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT). It addresses the lack of cultural-historical studies examining remote teaching, while illustrating and enhancing the fourth generation of CHAT. The choice of Lebanon stems from the country's concurrent financial, banking, and political collapse. This tumultuous situation, which disrupts regular functioning, can elucidate the interplay of activities that are often overlooked but play a vital role in the success of teaching.
Following a sequential explanatory design, data was collected through a survey completed by 74 instructors of a private university in Beirut, 9 of whom were subsequently interviewed for more in-depth information. Drawing upon Engeström and Sannino's framework (2011), the study analyzed the contradictions/tensions experienced by instructors in online teaching, while also exploring how subjects resolved these contradictions.
The most reported contradictions pertained to social interactions, internet connectivity, and demotivation. The most prevalent contradictions took place across activities, with 55 out of 92 contradictions remaining unresolved. The resolution of contradictions primarily relied on adjusting the tools employed in remote teaching. Instructors who went a step further by adjusting the rules governing social interactions or actively engaging with the community were able to overcome additional contradictions. Subjects did not mobilize the division of labor and coalitions of activities to address conflicts. The study also proposes cues to enhance an AI analysis based on CHAT.

Authors:
Lamya Sabbah, Saint-Joseph University of Beirut, Lebanon


About the Presenter(s)
Ms Lamya Sabbah is a University Doctoral Student at Saint-Joseph University of Beirut in Lebanon

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00